用mysql自带工具mysqlslap对数据库进行压力测试

2018-02-06 19:48:00
aolens
原创
438
mysqlslap是mysql自带的工具,不需要单独安装:

参数:

-concurrency 代表并发数量,多个可以用逗号隔开,concurrency=10,50,100, 并发连接线程数分别是10、50、100个并发。
--engines 代表要测试的引擎,可以有多个,用分隔符隔开。
--iterations 代表要运行这些测试多少次。
--auto-generate-sql 代表用系统自己生成的SQL脚本来测试。
--auto-generate-sql-load-type 代表要测试的是读还是写还是两者混合的(read,write,update,mixed)
--number-of-queries 代表总共要运行多少次查询。每个客户运行的查询数量可以用查询总数/并发数来计算。
--debug-info 代表要额外输出CPU以及内存的相关信息。
--number-int-cols :创建测试表的 int 型字段数量
--auto-generate-sql-add-autoincrement : 代表对生成的表自动添加auto_increment列,从5.1.18版本开始
--number-char-cols 创建测试表的 char 型字段数量。
--create-schema 测试的schema,MySQL中schema也就是database。
--query  使用自定义脚本执行测试,例如可以调用自定义的一个存储过程或者sql语句来执行测试。
--only-print 如果只想打印看看SQL语句是什么,可以用这个选项。
mysqlslap -umysql -p123 --concurrency=100 --iterations=1 --auto-generate-sql --auto-generate-sql-add-autoincrement --auto-generate-sql-load-type=mixed --engine=myisam --number-of-queries=10 --debug-info 


1,简单用法

[root@Linux_Aolens_01 /home/aolens]# mysqlslap --user=root --password=password --auto-generate-sql
Benchmark
Average number of seconds to run all queries: 0.002 seconds
Minimum number of seconds to run all queries: 0.002 seconds
Maximum number of seconds to run all queries: 0.002 seconds
Number of clients running queries: 1
Average number of queries per client: 0

结果中各项含义:
Average number of ...   运行所有语句的平均秒数
Minimum number of ...   运行所有语句的最小秒数
Maximum number of ...  运行所有语句的最大秒数 
Number of clients ...  客户端数量
Average number of queries per client  每个客户端运行查询的平均数


2,添加并发


[root@Linux_Aolens_01 /home/aolens]# mysqlslap --user=root --password=password --auto-generate-sql --concurrency=100 --number-of-queries=1000
Benchmark
Average number of seconds to run all queries: 0.316 seconds
Minimum number of seconds to run all queries: 0.316 seconds
Maximum number of seconds to run all queries: 0.316 seconds
Number of clients running queries: 100
Average number of queries per client: 10



3,使用自己测试库和测试语句


[root@Linux_Aolens_01 /home/aolens]# mysqlslap --user=root --password=password --concurrency=10 --number-of-queries=100 --create-schema=wordpress --query="SELECT * FROM wordpress.wp_posts;"
Benchmark
Average number of seconds to run all queries: 4.255 seconds
Minimum number of seconds to run all queries: 4.255 seconds
Maximum number of seconds to run all queries: 4.255 seconds
Number of clients running queries: 10
Average number of queries per client: 10


4,结合实际,对网站首页所请求的数据库连接做压力测试
数据库Mariadb 10.0.14

首先给数据库安装审计插件,并启用


MariaDB [(none)]> show variables like '%audit%'
-> ;
+-------------------------------+-----------------------+
| Variable_name | Value |
+-------------------------------+-----------------------+
| server_audit_events | |
| server_audit_excl_users | |
| server_audit_file_path | server_audit.log |
| server_audit_file_rotate_now | OFF |
| server_audit_file_rotate_size | 1000000 |
| server_audit_file_rotations | 9 |
| server_audit_incl_users | |
| server_audit_logging | OFF |
| server_audit_mode | 0 |
| server_audit_output_type | file |
| server_audit_syslog_facility | LOG_USER |
| server_audit_syslog_ident | mysql-server_auditing |
| server_audit_syslog_info | |
| server_audit_syslog_priority | LOG_INFO |
+-------------------------------+-----------------------+
14 rows in set (0.00 sec)


发现已经安装了,没有安装的执行安装


MariaDB [(none)]> INSTALL PLUGIN server_audit SONAME 'server_audit.so';


刷新一下首页查看审计日志里都有哪些SQL操作,对这些SQL进行压测:


mysqlslap --user=root --password=password --concurrency=20 --number-of-queries=1000 --create-schema=wordpress --query=" \
SELECT option_name, option_value FROM wp_options WHERE autoload = 'yes'; \
SELECT option_value FROM wp_options WHERE option_name = 'a3_lz_google_api_key' LIMIT 1; \
SELECT option_value FROM wp_options WHERE option_name = 'a3_lz_google_api_key_enable' LIMIT 1; \
SELECT option_value FROM wp_options WHERE option_name = '_transient_timeout_a3_lz_google_api_key_status' LIMIT 1; \
SELECT option_value FROM wp_options WHERE option_name = '_transient_a3_lz_google_api_key_status' LIMIT 1; \
SELECT option_value FROM wp_options WHERE option_name = 'wordpress_api_key' LIMIT 1; \
SELECT option_value FROM wp_options WHERE option_name = 'onp_license_clipboard-images' LIMIT 1; \
SELECT autoload FROM wp_options WHERE option_name = 'onp_license_clipboard-images'; \
SELECT option_value FROM wp_options WHERE option_name = 'onp_version_check_clipboard-images' LIMIT 1; \
SELECT option_value FROM wp_options WHERE option_name = 'ossdl_https' LIMIT 1; \
SELECT option_value FROM wp_options WHERE option_name = 'uninstall_plugins' LIMIT 1; \
SELECT option_value FROM wp_options WHERE option_name = 'a3_lazy_load_just_installed' LIMIT 1; \
SELECT option_value FROM wp_options WHERE option_name = 'akismet_comment_nonce' LIMIT 1; \
SELECT option_value FROM wp_options WHERE option_name = 'preload_cache_counter' LIMIT 1; \
SELECT option_value FROM wp_options WHERE option_name = 'rewrite_rules' LIMIT 1; \
......"
Benchmark
Average number of seconds to run all queries: 40.931 seconds
Minimum number of seconds to run all queries: 40.931 seconds
Maximum number of seconds to run all queries: 40.931 seconds
Number of clients running queries: 20
Average number of queries per client: 50